While the governing Fidesz’s nought-from-three result in recent by-elections has disappointed the party in itself, Jobbik’s victory in Tapolca probably hurt the most. Simply because the challenger came from even further right, a phenomenon Fidesz is not used to. First, it is worth recalling that the by-election in Veszprém on February 22, where the government lost its two-thirds parliamentary majority, caused great unhappiness within Fidesz. This defeat may be attributed to several reasons, but it must be noted that the encouragement for voters to participate on behalf of Fidesz proved to be a total failure. It may very well be the case that it was lack of credibility that prevented a successful mobilisation, and this can easily be traced back to the flamboyant, greedy, luxurious life of the “predators” belonging to the party’s sphere of interest. Indeed, voters can sense reality as their lives are becoming more and more tense, and they are equally capable of drawing the imaginary line where unfairness begins. And they make their decision based on this, hoping that even if they probably have less success, perhaps their children won’t have to live an unfulfilled life.
Jobbik win built on feeling of hopelessness
However, recent data from the Central Statistical Office on the ever increasing rate of emigration show an alarming social reorganisation, which already is having a great frustrating impact even on younger generations. On the basis of all this, the pattern of a vicious circle seems to form: parties come and go but the corruption remains, while the people leave the country.
Furthermore, poverty, the sense of vulnerability and the feeling that a family member can make a living only one or two thousand kilometres westward all outline a rather gloomy future. It is exactly this hopelessness and the sense of vulnerability that led us to the result of the Tapolca by-election.
The poll ended with the success of Jobbik because the party gives popular answers to the above issues, always building on the voters’ emotions. In addition, the burden of governing and the responsibility for the people do not rest on Jobbik’s shoulders.
But we already know and have experienced that the promise of an easy life is a deceitful structure. It does not give answers to the challenges of the future, it only increases the number of unattainable dreams.
The big question is: what does Hungary need in the early 21st century and where does the current government intend to lead the country? What kind of vision, moral reserve or ideological resource is available that would be able to breathe life into the politics that have led to the vicious circle mentioned above? Is there a response from the social class whose income is mostly consumed in the battles fought for the essential needs of life?
Indeed, politics must also struggle to find practical solutions, so that whenever poverty arises, it should only be a temporary situation.